By Victoria Higgins
This ebook analyses how key 'systems integration' technical pressures, and the expanding use of collaborative alliances for marketplace and product improvement are impacting at the socio technical coverage directives of chinese language country leaders and the strategic behaviour of key chinese language excessive know-how organizations working within the international instant quarter.
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Additional resources for Alliance Capitalism, Innovation and the Chinese State: The Global Wireless Sector
These include: the Key Technologies R&D Program, the 863 Program, the 973 Program, the Spark Program and the Torch Program (Swissnex, 2009). Key technologies R&D program The Key Technologies R&D Program, launched in 1982, was the biggest scientific and technological development program in China of the twentieth century. Oriented towards national economic construction, its aim was to solve critical, direction-related and comprehensive problems in national economic and social development, including agriculture, electronic information, energy resources, transportation, materials, resources exploration, environmental protection, medical and health care, and other fields.
However, whilst this two-tier framework provides us with a medium from which to structure our analysis of the Chinese bureaucratic process and the complex interactions that occur between Chinese economic actors, international firms and the Chinese state, it does not provide a sophisticated enough mechanism capable of capturing the complexity of contemporary relational and technological interdependence and the ways in which it operates to constrain and define the bargaining power and objectives of both Chinese and international actors.
Essentially, Lovelock and Ure argue that in China there exists a recognised set of international policy objectives and a recognised set of domestic policy objectives that determine the 20 Alliance Capitalism, Innovation and the Chinese State parameters of the bargaining and negotiating framework. From this perspective, interested actors can bargain to achieve their objectives at either level, but the government’s position as the arbiter between the two tiers is, asserts Lovelock, what has allowed it to preserve its coordinating role.
Alliance Capitalism, Innovation and the Chinese State: The Global Wireless Sector by Victoria Higgins